NATIONAL PARKS IN MAGALLANES
More national parks to discover in Patagonia.
In Patagonia Chilena, particularly in the Magallanes Region, there are several National Parks where it is possible to do different outdoor activities like: hiking, kayaking, navigations, one day excursions etc. Find below a brief description of each.
PARKS IN MAGALLANES
It is located in the commune of Torres del Payne in the province of Última Esperanza. Torres del Paine National Park is known worldwide for the granite massifs of the same name, eroded by the action of glaciers. The park aims to protect the local fauna for example ñandu, blanquillo and lechuza among the birds; and the puma, chingue and zorro colorado among some of the 25 species of mammals in the park. In addition, the various reptiles, amphibians and fish species. Flora is also very important, there are 274 plant species that were classified in three groups: Patagonian Steppe, Pre Andian Bushes, Magellanic forest (predominance of Nothofagus) and Andean Desert.
The park is a sedimentary area of slate, sandstone, limesandstone, limestone and marl that are laid down in layers. The oldest dated rocks are in Zapata Hill area and Pingo lake and correspond to the Late Jurassic epoch. On the other hand, the most recent rocks belong to the Late Cretaceous (approximately 60 millions years ago). Additionally, there are 3 ecological regions: Bosque Andino Patagónico, dominated by deciduous forests; the evergreen forest region and the boglands, characterized by periglacial environments; and finally, the Bush and the Patagonian Steppe, dominated by the Patagonian Steppe in Magallanes Region. This last one is also recognized as Torres del Paine Nature Reserve.
It corresponds to the commune of Tortel and Puerto Natales. The park is notable for its large masses of ice and evidence of the Kaweskar and Alacalufe cultures. There is much concern about the protection of fauna such as: the huemul, southern sea lions and southern fur seal. Among the birds some examples are the imperial shag, condor, eagle and the Cahuil seagull. The flora is dominated by evergreen forests (i.e. Magellan's beech, Ciprés de las Guaitecas and the Canelo).
This park is surrounded by the Laguna San Rafael National Park, Los Glaciares National Park (Argentina), Torres del Paine and Kaweskar National Parks. Bernardo O'Higgins NAtional Park is the largest National Park in the country and certainly some of the main attractions are Pio XI glacier and Balmaceda and Serrano glaciers.
It is located 196 km northeast of Punta Arenas and is notable for its concern about the flora and fauna, like for example: the guanaco, fox, Patagonian skunk, puma, vulture, kestrel and the queltehue. Among the flora species, the bushes dominate the area, being the murtilla, romerillo, mata gris, mata negra and the calafate the most common ones.
This park is located in a large volcanic area, active since the Pliocene until the Present and, indeed, three volcanic processes that occurred after the last glacial period can be distinguished: The first one produced lahars and the other 2 produced cones, lava and slag heaps. It seems that the last volcanic event occurred less than 15000 years ago and originated the Diablo hill, located on the border with Argentina.
Characterized by low levels of precipitation (less than 500mm annually) the vegetation that dominates the park are the bush and the Patagonian steppe, including many species of grasses.
It is located in the commune of Punta Arenas, Timaukel and Navarino. The park aims to protect species of fauna such as: zorro culpeo (Andean fox), zorro chilla (South American Grey Fox), leopard seals, dolphins and whales, but also, marine and land birds like the fio-fio (white-crested elaenia), Magellanic woodpecker and the Austral thrush. The flora that dominates the area are evergreen forests.
This is the third largest park in the country. It is full of glaciers that reach the fjords, sounds and channels. There are several animal species like: South American Sea Lions and marine otters. The park's natural vegetation is composed primarily of coigües (nothofagus dombeyi) and canelos (drimys winteri). In the Darwin cordillera area it is possible to find a colony of elephant seals (Mirounga leonina). The Agostini glacier, surrounded by mountains, is also located inside the park and can be visited. "Pampa Guanaco" is another place of interest where you can spot herds of Guanacos (Lama guanicoe). Part of this National Park belongs to the Cape Horn Biosphere Reserve.
From Puerto Williams it takes 12 hours by boat to get to this national park. The park aims to protect animal species like: leopard seals, dolphins, whales, sea wolves and the marine otter. And regarding the bird species, some of the examples are the kelp gull and the southern giant petrel. The vegetation that dominates the area are the Coigüe de Magallanes (Nothofagus betuloides), canelo (Drimys winteri), leñadura (Maytenus magellanica) and ñirre (Nothofagus antarctica).
The park comprises the Wollaston Islands and the Hermite Islands at the southernmost tip of the American continent. The Cerro Pirámide (Piramide hill), located on Cape Horn, constitutes the highest point in the park with its 406 masl. The vegetation is low and dense, and the area abounds in peat bog. Other plant species that can be found are: the Coigüe (Nothofagus dombeyi), Canelo (Drimys winteri), little areas with Leñadura (Maytenus magellanica) and Ñirre (Nothofagus antarctica). As mentioned before, the park's concern is to protect a large number of mammals and birds. Part of this National Park belongs to the Cape Horn Biosphere Reserve.
This park is located 150 kms away from Punta Arenas. The park aims to protect animal species such as: the leopard seals, dolphins, whales, sea wolves and the marine otter, and also birds like the kelp gull and the southern giant petrel are also protected. Regarding the flora, the main species are the Coigüe (Nothofagus dombeyi), Canelo (Drimys winteri), little areas with Leñadura (Maytenus magellanica) and Ñirre (Nothofagus antarctica).
This is one of the biggest parks in the world and the second largest in Chile. It comprises some archipielagos that belong to Magallanes and Última Esperanza Provinces as well as half of the surface of Riesco Island. The Mountains Fjord and the Sarmiento Cordillera are some of the natural wonders that attract visitors from all over the world.
It is located in the south-east of the commune Timaukel (in Tierra del Fuego Province) and the commune of Cabo de Hornos (in the Antartica Chilena province). It comprises rivers, lakes, sea coasts, magellanic forests and the mountain summits of the Andes fueguinos. Additionally, the area also comprises the esatren sector of Darwin Cordillera and some glaciers.
This is one of the world's southernmost ecosystems, characterized by a temperate forest. It is considered one of the wildest and most pristine areas in the world, that include unique forests, tundra, glaciers and freshwater ecosystems. All these elements make Tierra del Fuego's terrestrial biota a really valuable one from a scientific and touristic perspective and therefore there is a great concern to preserve both./div>
It is located in Santa Cruz province and is the largest park in western Argentina. To the west it limits with Chile, latitude 49° 15' and 50° 50' south (from cerro Chalten to monte Stokes), according to a 1998 negotiation that specified the boundary from Mount Fitz Roy/Chalten to Cerro Daudet. There is a section still pending to map and demarcate in the Mariano Moreno mountain range.
The Lake Argentino is located in the park where some of the major glaciers flow into. In fact, the most remarkable aspects are its ice fields, that occupy an area of 2600km2 approximately (this means that more than 30% of the surface is covered by ice). 47 Glaciers flow into different lakes. The most well-known glacier is the Perito Moreno, which grows in the southern arm of the Argentino Lake. It is 5 km wide and has an average height of 60 meters above the surface of the water of Argentino Lake.